Sunday, October 16, 2011

A wonderful topic for parents having teens in their families.  Well, lets start over with a question, thus sex education important in the family? And should parents act as educators in educating their teens about sex rather than the school?
Sex education is one of the hot issues in many countries, especially in some Religious countries, and if you try do some research these countries succeed in controlling the possible increase of HIV victims.  How? Abstinence and the teaching the moral way about sex to their people.
Parents are the first teachers the children experienced in their lives and guessed what parents influence a lot in the growth of a child. So when a parent starts educating their children about whats the best in life whether good or bad, for the children its always the best path to follow.  And thats is why, if the parents are start talking about sex topics to their children it surely produce learning to their teens.
Why Parents should Educate about Sex to their children when our is school conducting sex education to your kids?
Well, the answer is, Sex Education in many schools now a days are influenced or should I say sponsored by different health agencies and International health organizations. Majority of these Health organizations are not considering the importance of morality but instead desperately making solutions on how to solve the country's population.  Their way of educating your children is more on scientific-based teaching.  They would show pictures of penises and vaginas, the feelings, conditions, impacts etc..   These for sure would contribute curiosity to the children.  Then telling them about condoms, pills, and everything.  Making it short... Its like "Go have sex, its natural! Don't worry use Condom and your safe!"

Parents alone have the right to be the primary educators of their children, 
particularly in matters related to sexuality. This right is bestowed on them 
by God, Who also assigns to parents a duty to teach Christian morality to 
their sons and daughters. Parents are the best teachers of their children. 
God has ordained parents with an inalienable right to educate their 
children, particularly regarding sexual development. 
God, the Author of life, invites parents to join in the creative process of 
generating new human life. The role of parents continues as guardians and 
caretakers of the gift of a child which has been bestowed on them. 
The God-given right and responsibility of parents to control the education 
of their children is revealed in Holy Scripture: 
He [the Lord] set it up as a decree in Jacob, and established it as a law in 
Israel, / That what He commanded our fathers they should make known to 
their sons . . .     Psalm 78:5 
Train a child in the way he should go; and when he is old he will not depart 
from it.             Proverbs 22 
Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the 
discipline of the Lord.   Ephesians 6:4 
. . . and in the Tradition of the Catholic Church: 
The right and duty of parents to educate their children is primary and 
You don't have to be a Religious person to educate your children about sex, just tell them simple questions like: "Are you ready to get Pregnant?", Are you willing to give-up your virginity at that age?, "Does your Boyfriend responsible enough to take care of you, if you get pregnant?"
These questions are very easy to say to your children.  You don't have to tell them about how things are happening in the body.  The point their giving an Idea on how to do abstinence while their still young and still in school.  Teens are full of imaginations and curiosity to experience.  Don't let your children a victim of it.  Tell them the consequences of Sex and they will understand.  Rather than letting learn it from themselves.  Most boys are eager to experience Sex your daughter could be a victim if you would not teach them about sex.
Parents are in the best position to know the developmental level and 
individual informational needs of their children. Moreover, only in private 
discussions can these needs be addressed-personally and with the delicacy 
the subject requires. It is particularly important not to violate a child's 
natural latency period (roughly from age eight to puberty, when sexual 
interests are dormant), which could result in the destruction of their 
Further, parents, regardless of their professional credentials, are best 
suited to be the primary educators of their children. Their loving 
relationship with their offspring is singular and irreplaceable and 
therefore cannot be delegated to others or usurped by others.7 
In addition, parents are in a unique position to lead by example in teaching 
their children the gift of self in relation to love. The love between a 
husband and wife teaches their children what love is; for, by welcoming and 
nurturing the children who are the fruit of that love, they give their 
children the best possible education in sexuality and in responsible use of 
their sexuality.

Big Batch Vegetable soup
  1. 2 tablespoons olive oil
  2. 2 cups chopped onions or thinly sliced leeks (whites only)
  3. 1 cup thinly sliced celery
  4. 2 teaspoons Italian seasoning
  5. Coarse salt and ground pepper
  6. 3 (14.5 ounce) cans reduced-sodium vegetable or chicken broth
  7. 1 (28 ounce) can diced tomatoes, with juice
  8. 1 tablespoon tomato paste
  9. 8 cups mixed fresh or frozen vegetables, such as carrots, corn, green beans, lima beans, peas, potatoes, and zucchini (cut larger vegetables into smaller pieces)
  1. Heat oil in a large stockpot over medium heat. Add onions or leeks, celery, and Italian seasoning; season with salt and pepper. Cook, stirring frequently, until onions are translucent, 5 to 8 minutes.
  2. Add broth, tomatoes and their juice, tomato paste, and 3 cups water to pot; bring mixture to a boil. Reduce heat to a simmer, and cook, uncovered, 20 minutes.
  3. Add vegetables to pot, and return to a simmer. Cook, uncovered, until vegetables are tender, 20 to 25 minutes. Season with salt and pepper, as desired. Let cool before storing.
  4. Pour remaining soup in small batches into bowl of a food processor; carefully puree until smooth, and return to saucepan. Stir in cream; season with salt and pepper. Garnish with the reserved mushrooms, and serve hot.
Yield: 8 servings

Sorrel Soup

1 lb. of sorrel 1 large Spanish onion 3 pints of water 1 oz. of butter pepper and salt to taste ½ lb. of Allinson wholemeal bread cut into small dice  

How to cook Sorrel Soup
  • Pick, wash, and chop up the sorrel, chop up the onion, and boil both with the water, butter, pepper, and salt until the onion is quite tender.
  • Place the bread in the souptureen and pour the soup over it. Cover it up, and let the bread soak for a few minutes before serving.

Cabbage Soup

1 fair-sized cabbage  a large Spanish onion  1-1/2 oz. of butter  pepper and salt to taste ½ saltspoonful of nutmeg  1-1/2 pints of milk  2 tablespoonfuls of fine wheatmeal.
How to cook Cabbage Soup
  • After preparing and washing the cabbage, shred up very fine, chop up the onion, set these two in a saucepan over the fire with 1 quart of water, the butter and seasoning, and let all cook gently for 1 hour, or longer it the vegetables are not quite tender.
  • Add the milk and thickening when the vegetables are thoroughly tender, and let all simmer gently for 10 minutes; serve with little squares of toasted or fried bread, or plain rusks.

Quick Potato Soup

2            cups thinly-sliced raw potatoes                  1            tablespoon margarine   1/4        cup finely-chopped onion                          3/4         teaspoon salt   1-1/4     cups boiling water   1-1/2     cups milk (may be partly evaporated milk)

How to cook Quick Potato Soup
  • Add potatoes and onions to the boiling water.
  • Cover, and cook for about 14 to 20 minutes, or until potatoes are tender.
  • Mash the potatoes slightly with a fork to thicken the Soup a little, if desired.
  • Add milk, margarine and seasoning. Heat to serving temperature.
  • Top each serving with a dab of sour cream and sprinkle with finely cut parsley.
  • Yield: 4 serving, a cup each.

Vegetarian Chili Recipes - Five Bean Vegetarian Chili

This low fat, meatless chili recipe is packed with flavor and healthy beans.
4 cloves garlic, minced
2 tablespoons olive oil
1 (28 oz.) can diced tomatoes with juice, undrained
1 (8 oz.) can tomato sauce
1 (6 oz.) can tomato paste
1 (12 oz.) can or bottle beer
4 tablespoons chili powder
1 tablespoon mustard powder
1 teaspoon dried oregano
Freshly ground black pepper
1 teaspoon ground cumin
1/8 teaspoon hot pepper sauce
1 (15 oz.) can black beans, drained and rinsed
1 (15 oz.) can garbanzo beans, drained
1 (15 oz.) can pinto beans, drained and rinsed
1 (15 oz) can kidney beans, drained and rinsed
1 (15 oz.) can cannellini beans
1 (15 oz.) can whole kernel corn, drained and rinsed
2 cups cheddar cheese, shredded
In a 4-quart sized pot, saute the garlic in the olive oil.
Add in the diced tomatoes, tomato sauce, tomato paste, beer, chili powder, mustard powder, oregano, pepper, cumin and hot pepper sauce.
Stir in the black beans, garbanzo beans, pinto beans, kidney beans, cannellini beans and the corn. Bring to a boil; reduce heat and let chili simmer for 20 minutes.
Sprinkle cheese on top before serving.

When we discuss age differences in relationships, we are reminded of the famous couple Demi Moore and Ashton Kutcher. Looking at their successful relationship, despite the enormous difference in age, one often wonders, "Is the age difference in relationships really matter?"

Well, the answer really depends on the foundations of the relationship. Age Differences in relationships are not much of a problem if the intentions of both parties while entering the relationship are straightforward. If an older person looking for a girl just to re-assure himself that he was still sexually attractive, or if a younger man dating an older woman on her way just because of his seeking security, and so the relationship is doomed from the start. But if the relationship is based on similar interests and values, with strong chemistry, so it is bound to stand the test, despite the age gap.

In fact, age differences in relationships can sometimes have very positive effects on both parties. Often it is seen that a younger partner brings most of the energy and spark of life in older partners. Simultaneously, the older partner gives the younger partner in the much needed emotional stability. The reverse may be age differences would be very difficult, especially in social situations where both parties find it difficult to adjust to each other, other friends and family. So for all people concerned about this issue in the relationship and age difference, here are some helpful relationship advices.
Tips on how to handle differences in the relationship Age

when dealing with age differences in relationships, the first thing you need to do is to remember to say, "Age is just a number" and follow it. If you have a younger partner, do not brag about it to your friends or family. Even while talking to your partner is not acting as a parent. You have a partner, so you must act like one. In this case the partner is older, to do the same, namely to act as a straight man.

For older women dating younger men, large age differences in relationships can create a lot of uncertainty. An older woman can always be concerned that a young woman will steal her husband. And if the woman is younger and the older person, the person may experience the same feelings. This can create a lot of self-esteem issues. In cases like these, is the right thing to do to have a talk with your partner and re-insure through your actions and words, from time to time about your love for them.

Another consideration issues that couples with age difference face is the inequality in the tastes of music, movies or television. The older partner may be interested in reading a book or watch TV staying indoors. On the other hand, the younger partner may always up for outdoor activities like going to a disc or playing sports. In such situations, couples should not escape generational gap on this issue, because such differences were found in the same age partners. The right thing to do in this situation is to go in for activities that one partner likes a weekend and go through the selection of the other is next weekend.

Like any normal, healthy relationship requires a relationship with a considerable age gap between partners a great commitment from both. There are always people, whether they are friends or relatives who already have something or other to say about the acceptable age difference in relationships and even renewed pressure you think. Standing by your partner in such a situation, and keep in mind that compatibility is more important than a number that will help you in your relationship work. Someone has just said, "Age is strictly a case of mind over matter. If you do not mind, it does not matter."

Saturday, October 15, 2011

Many of the participants of this amazing charity activity are mothers and most of them are having sons or daughters suffering form autism.  In order for them to support the the condition of their kids they have decided to make a calendar with them naked.  It's amazing charity that they are making, and I am sure you will love their calendar photos.  Check the Video!

This is one of the most interesting news that's happening on the online world.  We thought that only common things can be bought online, but now we have sperms for sale online. Wow! Would you consider this sort of business as legal? If this some sort of business hits the online market, then every man can be a businessman with no capital needed only good sleep and good food to have healthy sperms for them to put on the cart of every woman who wants a  child.  Check the video for the interesting discussion on this matter.

What can you say about it? 

A couple had sex while skydiving and recorded their love making caught the attention of the L.A. authorities. 

The cops in Taft, California were investigating the stunt, reportedly conducted to get the attention of radio shock-jock Howard Stern, and the FAA was aware of it. According to the authorities the couple are on right age to do the crazy stunt, but for the FAA it should not be something to be done.
Check the Video to know more about it.

The Federal Aviation Administration says it will look into a videotaped skydiving sex stunt to determine if the pilot might have been distracted during the incident over Kern County.

FAA spokesman Ian Gregor says any activity that could distract the pilot while he's flying could be a violation of federal regulations.

Skydive Taft owner David Chrouch says he fired part-time skydiving instructor and porn star Alex Torres and hasn't decided whether to fire the company's receptionist, Hope Howell, who he said was Torres' partner in the video.


1. Blame "ObamaCare"We warned you, says Katie Mahoney at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. President Obama's 2010 health reforms "do nothing to control costs and instead drive premiums higher," as insurers are forced to cover things like letting uninsured 26-year-olds stay on their parents' health plans and making preventative screenings free. Making 25-year-old factory workers "subsidize the health insurance of Harvard MBA candidates" is just one way "ObamaCare already has forced insurers to increase prices," says Don Surber in the Charleston, W.V., Daily Mail. They also had to jack up premiums now because starting next year, Obama will make them justify any double-digit rate increase.
2. The big driver is rising medical costsThe Affordable Care Act (ACA) did contribute 1 to 2 percentage points to the 9 percent rate hike, says Jonathan Cohn in The New Republic. But that's a small, "one-time bump." The largest single cause is the steady "ongoing rise in health care costs," which the ACA will actually stem, if politicians have the will to use its tools. Even 42 percent of doctors think their patients are getting too much care, according to a new study in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The reasons include fear of malpractice lawsuits and misplaced incentives. "Physicians believe they are paid to do more and exposed to legal punishment if they do less," say Brenda Sirovich, M.D., and her colleagues.
3. Insurers guessed wrongHealth insurers set this year's sharp premium hikes last year, on the "expectation that the use of health services would go up because of an economic recovery that was starting and then it didn't happen," says Kaiser Family Foundation president Drew Altman. In fact, employers are reporting that their workers are using less medical care, says Beth Umland, a health care consultant with Mercer, quoted in The New York Times. "It always takes a while for underwriting to catch up with reality."
4. Free markets are inefficient for health careThe "incredible 9 percent" spike in prices as demand wanes is further proof that the "childish, simplistic belief that a 'free market' functions well in health care and health insurance... has no basis is reality," says Jon Walker at Firedoglake. For years, insurers and economists have promised that if consumers only had more "skin in the game," insurance rates would drop. Well, employees have been paying more and more out of pocket for years, and this is the result?
5. The workforce is older, and more expensive to insureThe recession and resulting "high unemployment has resulted in employers hiring fewer younger workers," says Karen Ignagni, head of trade group America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP). Older workers, meanwhile, are retiring later, leaving employers with a grayer workforce and insurers with "an older and sicker risk pool." They had no choice but to raise premiums.


Scientists have cracked the genetic code of the Black Death, one of history's worst plagues, and found that its modern day bacterial descendants haven't changed much over 600 years.
Luckily, we have.
The evolution of society and medicine — and our own bodies — has far outpaced the evolution of that deadly bacterium, scientists said.
The 14th century bug Yersinia pestis is nearly identical to the modern day version of the same germ. There are only a few dozen changes among the more than 4 million building blocks of DNA, according to a study published online Wednesday in the journal Nature.
What that shows is that the Black Death, or plague, was deadly for reasons beyond its DNA, study authors said. It had to do with the circumstances of the world back then.
In its day, the disease killed between 30 million and 50 million people — about 1 of every 3 Europeans. It came at the worst possible time — when the climate was suddenly getting colder, the world was in the midst of a long war and horrible famine, and people were moving into closer quarters where the disease could infect them and spread easily, scientists say. And it was likely the first time this particular disease had struck humans, attacking people without any innate protection.
"It was literally like the four horseman of the apocalypse that rained on Europe," said study lead author Johannes Krause of the University of Tubingen in Germany. "People literally thought it was the end of the world."
In devastating the population, it changed the human immune system, basically wiping out people who couldn't deal with the disease and leaving the stronger to survive, said study co-author Hendrik Poinar of McMaster University in Ontario.
But simple antibiotics today, such as tetracycline, can beat the plague bacteria, which doesn't seem to have properties that enable other germs to become drug resistant, Poinar said. Plus, changes in medical treatment of the sick, coupled with improved sanitation and economics, put humanity in a far better position. And there's an immune system protection we mostly have now, Poinar said.
"I think we're in a good state," Poinar said. "The reason we do so well is that conditions are so different."
People still get the disease, usually from fleas from rodents or other animals, but not that often. There are around 2,000 cases a year in the world, mostly in rural areas, with a handful of them popping up in remote parts of the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Earlier this year, two people in New Mexico were diagnosed with plague. In 1992, a Colorado veterinarian died from a more recent strain, one that scientists used heavily in their study.
To get the original Black Death DNA, scientists played dentist to dozens of skeletons.
During the epidemic in the 14th century, about 2,500 London area victims of the disease were buried in a special cemetery near the Tower of London. It was excavated in the mid-1980s with 600 individual skeletons moved to the Museum of London, said study co-author Kirsten Bos, also of McMaster University. She then removed 40 of those teeth, drilled into the pulp inside the teeth and got "this dark black powdery type material" which likely was dried blood that included DNA from the bacteria.
And when she was done, Bos returned the teeth, minus a little DNA, to the skeletons at the museum.
When the same scientists first tried mapping the bacteria's genetic makeup, it appeared to be a distinctly different germ than what is around currently. But part of that was a reflection of working with 660-year-old DNA and newer, more refined techniques revealed less difference between the early day and modern Y. pestis bacteria than between a mother and daughter, Krause said.
That's a surprising result, but the work was well done and makes sense, said Julian Parkhill, a disease genome expert at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Britain. Parkhill was not involved in the research but has studied the bacteria.
"Getting an effectively complete genome sequence of a bacterium that lived nearly 700 years ago is incredibly exciting," Parkhill said.

From somebody:

Noticed these things
1. he no longer wore the same cologne he wore with me for 8 years straight (that had me thinking)
2. his clothing became more designer (now that he is making more money)
3. more time with the "guys"
5. sometimes work late
6. his phone is always glued to his side With a password
7. he stopped telling me things about his family issues or personal stuff etc etc
8. he had new sex moves, and developed a cocky attitude


If you suspect your dude of cheating, talk to him about it like a woman, as the adult you are. COMMUNICATION FOLKS!!! I know relationships can be complicated, sometimes it's worth working things out and sometimes it's not worth it! Only you can decide, NO ONE, can give you that magic answer! There is no script of exactly what to say to make things right or the way it once was. It simply does not exist.
It always makes me laugh when a woman catches her man cheating, she's all over the woman ready to kick her ass and take names! Finger pointing, hair pulling and so on! Then she turns to her man and says " I love you, how could you?" "What did I do?" When did it become OK for us to accept dishonesty, disrespect and mistrust?
Sometimes, we take each other for granted and it takes situations such as these for us to realize it. In situations such as these giving each space can often cure all evil, but, sometimes it just can't. The definition of insanity = continuing to do the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result. Ladies we can't change men! Only he can change himself if he truly wants to and only he must decide that for himself. Quit acting like you'll never find another great relationship if you leave your deceptive partner.
Life always goes on with or without you good or bad. Stay true to yourself and your morals, learn to love yourself and all of your wonderful quirks!
In situations such as these, where your man is being dishonest and sneaking around (this also goes for the men, women are not saints) if it bothers you, address it. Know that, like any child your partner will lie to you at first and tell you what you want to here. If the behaviour continues clearly there is no resolution. Move on, learn to love yourself and move on! At some point these guys will be sorry for losing you and will eventually learn it's not right to be dishonest and selfish. Some men, just know that all that ranting and raving we do as women is just that ranting and raving! That's sad. Stick to your guns ladies you will find love again!
I truly believe we as people were not meant to be in long relationships. Some relationships do indeed test that theory but for the most part we truly can't resist the temptation.
Ladies, get some self confidence, learn to love who you are and what stand up for what you believe. Look in the mirror and get your priorities straight. Don't settle for bullshit. You know when someone is playing you, why give in and play the dummy! Quit acting and get real with yourself. Easier said than done right! It is easy for me to say this, but no one said life would be a walk in the park. Work at it! Don't settle for less for stupidity.
Now fellas, I'm not going to bash or walk all over you because I know there are wonderful, honest, stand up men out there, lots of them too. Hard to find them but they are out there looking for a good woman. It's sucks to be the good guy these days because of posers “boys dressed up as men” such as these!
But to the dudes that find themselves in situations such as these you created this situation. I hate to break it to you but sneaking around and acting funny screams “poser”. Grow up, regain your manhood and learn to communicate what you want. The key to not going through all the harassment, embarrassment, hurt and sneaking around is to be HONEST. Be straight up with woman. Nothing hurts more that finding out the person you thought you knew, isn’t really the person you though you knew. Whatever the reason be honest, break off the relationship if it simply isn’t working. Or, tell you lady the love is lost or you need a break. It again, is easier said than done but you have to keep at it for it become easier. There are so many temptations out there it’s hard to resist, with the grass always looking greener on the other side. It's tough I know, I feel you, but be straight up! And sista, don’t freak out because he’s being honest. Listen to what his saying , appreciate his honest and deal with it as such!
Now fellas, don’t get into a committed relationship if your only gonna fool around the entire time. There is nothing wrong with playing the field but be honest with your ladies so they know where they stand. Allow your lady to hear what you want take the stage with class of course. She’s got a brain too, let her decide if she can handle it or not. Maybe you can work something out, who knows TRY IT!
Women, we need to understand why men do the things they do before we can even attempt to confront a situation like this. Sometimes, we push our dudes away or change on them without expressing it to them and they get lost and confused. Again, only honest communication can address this. We need to grow up people, communication solves great problems! Be forthcoming and face the music good or bad.
People are funny creatures, as we grow life changes, when were young we long to be older and can’t wait to assume all the responsibilities of an adult. When were adults we retreat to behaving like a child and no longer want to assume the responsibility nor consequence.
Ladies, there are great men out there truly there are, they may be hard to find but they are out there. Stop complaining about what has happened to you, stop trying to change your partner, thank the person for opening your eyes and bringing back to reality, stay true to yourself. Brush off your self confidence, get some swagger, get your priorities in order and move on!

By Lucy Danziger and the staff at SELF

1. Vegetables With Creamy Onion Dip

In a glass bowl, microwave 1 diced scallion in ½ tsp olive oil until fragrant, 1 minute. Whisk in 3 tbsp nonfat plain Greek yogurt, 1 tbsp light sour cream, 1 tsp mayonnaise, ¼ tsp each salt and onion powder and a pinch each of black pepper and gar-lic powder. Serve with 1 cup chopped broccoli and cauliflower.
How it fights cancer: Cruciferous veggies, a class that includes broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts, appear to prevent breast, lung and colon cancer. “Different types of estrogens have been associated with both increased and decreased cancer risk. Cruciferous vegetables help your body process estrogen in a way that might lower risk,” says Gregory A. Plotnik-off, M.D., senior consultant for health care innovation at Allina Hospitals and Clinics in Minnesota.

2. Super Savory Popcorn

Pop one 100-calorie bag microwave popcorn. Toss with ½ tsp sweet smoked paprika and a pinch of garlic powder.
How it fights cancer: Whole grains have cancer-fighting antioxidants, according to research from the University of Scran-ton in Pennsylvania. Popcorn has the most antioxidants in the snack group; pastas made with whole wheat tops the grain list.

3. Edamame With Iced Green Tea

Cook 2/3 cup edamame as directed on package. Sprinkle with a pinch of salt. Serve with 8 to 12 oz iced green tea mixed with ½ tsp honey.
How it fights cancer: To pump up the disease-fighting potential of green tea’s catechins, add a squeeze of citrus: Lemon juice protects the chemicals so more of them are available to your body, a study from Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, reveals.

4. Tomato Bruschetta

Spread 1 tbsp part-skim ricotta and 2 tbsp store-bought tomato bruschetta topping on each of 3 slices melba toast or toasted whole-grain baguette.
How it fights cancer: Scientists suspect that the lycopene in tomato works as an antioxidant that protects the body’s cells against certain cancers. Bonus: It also helps reduce your risk for heart disease.

5. Cheese Plate

Serve 1 oz reduced-fat cheddar with 3/4 cup red grapes and 2 whole-grain crackers.
How it fights cancer: Like vino, the skin of fresh red grapes contains the protective chemical resveratrol, which may reduce your risk for both cancer and heart disease and also sharpen your brain. “And there’s no alcohol, which has been linked to certain cancers,” says Christine Gerbstadt, M.D., spokeswoman in Sarasota, Florida, for the American Dietetic Association.

6. Honey-Ginger Blueberries With Mascarpone

In a pan, heat 1 cup blueberries with 1 tbsp honey and ¼ tsp ground ginger until berries become jammy, 5 minutes. Top berries with 1 tbsp mascarpone and ½ sheet graham cracker broken into bits.
How it fights cancer: Anthocyanins, the pigments behind blueberries’ hue, may fight cancer while also helping brain cells fire faster, so you stay sharp. And the berries’ vitamin C may block the effects of cancer-causing free radicals, help prevent cancer from spreading and enhance immunity.
Craving more cancer-preventing foods? Surf to for a week-long meal plan of breakfasts, lunches, dinners, snacks and treats featuring anticancer superfoods.

Thursday, October 13, 2011


This is a reply from a Nurse from a student nurse asking about the current problems of our Nurses Today.

1. Lack of common ground for educational standards to enter nursing. Most professions have a common entry-level standard that defines them as a profession. For example, in order to be a dietitan, you must possess a minimum of a bachelor's degree, same for lawyer, teacher, etc. For nursing, there is no real common entry-level and this causes a great deal of confusion to young people looking at nursing as a professional career path. In addition, other health care disciplines have increased their educational standards to meet the increasing technology available in health care, yet nursing continues to have no common thread in relationship to education for entry-level as a registered professional nurse. This issue is frustrating in that it causes great stress for nurses as they are deeply divided on entry-level themselves. Do a search on this board and you will find many hotly debated discussions on the topic. 

2. Lack of respect as a professional. Many nurses will claim that they receive little respect from other health care providers, including physicians, administrators and in some cases even advanced practice nurses . As a result of this direct lack of respect, nurses view their voice as limited in health care. Nurses today are placed in some of the most dangerous positions in relationship to providing care to patients. Nurses in some hospitals have far too many patients to safely care for. Nurses have limited voices with administrators and many nurses feel that the only way to have a voice is to join a union, which is not necessarily the answer. 

3. As health care advances and technology improves, the overall cost of health care is escalating. Nurses believe that their wages do not fairly compensate for the the service they perform. It really is a sad note on society when a famous football player earns millions of dollars, but the nurse caring for your mother and holding the security of her life is compensated less than $45,000 per year in most cases :angryfire . Decreases in benefits (decreased contributions to 401(k), elimination of retirement pensions, etc.), increasing costs of health care insurance and no loyality by employers to promote long term employment relationships all add to the lack of security that nurses have with their jobs. 

4. America is increasingly becoming more litigious and nurses are being named in lawsuits. This alarming trend will only increase in the future without proper government intervention. As lawsuits increase in numbers and awards to plaintiffs are outrageous, overall health care costs are going to increase. Many people looking at nursing as a viable career choice are thinking twice about the option without tort reform and reform of the current system.

5. All of the above contribute to the lack of nurses willing to work at the patient's bedside. Many studies have shown that there is really no true nursing shortage, rather, there is a direct lack of willingness for registered nurses to work in these increasingly compromising situations. This adds to the shortage. Couple the shortage with an aging population and you have a true disaster in nursing on the horizon. 2008 will be the first year that the baby boomers will begin reaching retirement. Government reports predict that the overall cost on the social security system will be overwhelming, not to mention Medicare. Nurses will be on the front line dealing with aging baby boomers .... How will the profession meet the challenges that it will face? Not sure I can answer this.

6. But still, I think there is hope and I pray that as we move into the future, someone or something will engage nurses to unite and speak with one common voice for reform to health care and better standards for patient care as well as better working conditions for nurses. California began this process with mandated nurse to patient ratios. If California can initiate such reform, why can't this reform spread across the country? It can and when nurses begin to realize that they have one of the most powerful voices in the country, only then will WE as a professional body be able to demand and see change for our patients and for our working conditions. As a student in nursing, you are on the front line also and you can be part of that powerful voice. The future is not all doom and gloom for us, it can indeed be very bright and enriched and wonderful if we all come together and work to change our profession from a weak sub-servant occupation, to a profession that is strong, vocal with conviction and able to provoke change for the future.


Leukemia drug treatment depends on various factors. It is generally determined by the physician or the doctor depending upon the patient’s age, health, and type and spread of leukemia.
The usual therapies for the treatment of leukemia are:
1. Chemotherapy: It is the major therapy followed for the treatment of leukemia. The therapy uses various drugs to kill the cancerous cells. Unfortunately, this therapy is that its side effects are enormous. It may even provoke other syndromes in the body of the patient.
2. Leukemia Drug Therapy: It may include a single drug or even a combination of drugs depending on the dosage regime to be followed. The route for the administration of the drug in the body may also vary from one patient to another. While some may receive pills others may have to face drug injections. All this is determined by the factors of the disease and the patient’s condition. Generally prescribed leukemia drugs include prednisone, vincristine, daunorubicin, L-asparaginase, pegaspargase, methotrexate, and cyclophosphamide. Other occasionally used drugs include Imatinib and Nelarabine. Dasatinib is a new leukemia drug and is used for infections where other drugs have proven ineffective. The leukemia drug therapy list also contains daunorubicin, idarubicin, cytosine arabinoside, mitoxantrone, and Gemtuzumab.

3.  Biological Therapy: Patients may even wish to undergo a biological therapy where the immune system of the patient’s body is improved in order to fight the leukemia cells within the body.
4. Radiation Therapy: It is helpful in treating leukemia patients as it uses  high energy rays or laser beams to destroy the cancerous cells in the body. The patient lies down on a table and the machine focuses on the specific body part and emits radiation to kill the cells.
5. Stem Cell Transplant Therapy: Another hope for leukemia patients is stem cell transplant therapy. In this method the patient is supplied with a high dose of drugs or radiation to kill the cancerous cells. After this, the patient is transplanted with the bone marrow fluid of their own body, preserved previously, or from a close relative’s body.

Read more on Leukemia: Top 5 Drugs That Work
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Why choose nursing as a profession? Today there are so many nursing who are working wing low wages, and still you can see smiles on their faces. So the question is Why love to become a Nurse? Each nurse has a number of reasons, but it could be personal, business, money, job security, or simply a dedication for the sick people, every person who decided to enter nursing has entered into a life of service. Each nurse is committed to the core values ​​of being a nurse and that includes human dignity, integrity, independence, altruism, and social justice. All nurses have a vision and that is why they are unique, when you start working as a nurse your superiors will put you on different delicate duties, they want and expect a perfect baby sitter who would not make any  mistake, but of course as a student nurse what ever you do to avoid errors mistakes can't be avoided.  So you must be always patience and kind, however there are so many instances that as a nurse you will be dealing with patients with members of the family who always try to drag you down and that is natural. Nursing is a challenge but as a nurse you must always remember that  you are dedicated in helping every human being that requires medical attention, plus giving them kind words  which can brighten their day, no matter how bad your day you must always put in heart the values of a good servant for the betterment of your patient.

Here is an important article about why becoming a Nurse is something like a noble profession.

When a person decides to become a nurse they make the most important decision of their lives. They decide to dedicate their lives to the care of others sometimes putting their own health at risk to help the sick to become better or to keep them comfortable during the end of their life. "When you become a nurse you know that every day you will touch a life or a life will touch yours." Author Unknown, (Quote Garden, 2008) When you walk into a room and see the smile of a patient or hear them say "I'm so glad you are here today you take the best care of me" it makes you remember what you are there for.
Nurses have a variety of career choices they can work in childbirth centers, community health, emergency departments, geriatric wellness programs, intensive care units, mental health programs, occupational health, operating rooms, nursing research, school health, substance abuse treatment programs, and many more.
Nurses understand that the ongoing changes in nursing and the health care system create a need for life long learning to keep their knowledge and skills up to date. Each day is anything but routine, nurses must always be ready to think on their feet. Nursing is a career for a lifetime.
Core values
There are five core values in nursing they are human dignity, integrity, autonomy, altruism, and social justice. Every nurse should strive to maintain these core values. All patients and their families trust the nurse to uphold these values and when one does not then it causes the public to lose faith in the healthcare system.
Human dignity
The term "dignity" is defined as "the state of being worthy of honor or respect" (The Oxford Encyclopedic English Dictionary, 1991). When this concept is associated with the adjective "human", it is used to signify that all human beings possess inherent worth and deserve unconditional respect, regardless of age, sex, health status, social or ethnic origin, political ideas, religion, or criminal history. (Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, 2008). In nursing you are taught to treat all patients with dignity, you are to treat each person as equal and not refuse care to anyone regardless of their past or other factors. You treat each patient as you would treat your own loved ones if you were to care for them.
Integrity is the basing of one's actions on an internally consistent framework of principles. (Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, 2008). Nurses have set values of integrity they work together as a whole with others to benefit everyone involved. Nurses also behave honestly, fairly, and ethically are truthful. They are truthful, trustworthy, and fair in all efforts, while holding themselves to the highest standards of professional and ethical conduct. Nurses provide an environment of openness; they are honest in their approach to one another and those they serve.
Autonomy (Greek: Auto-Nomos - nomos meaning "law": one who gives oneself his/her own law) is the right to self-government. (Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, 2008). Autonomy in nursing gives the patients a right to informed consent. The patient is given the facts and consequences to their health choices and has the right to choose to go through the procedure or not, unless that person is declared incompetent and then a medical power of attorney or health care surrogate is appointed to them to make decisions.
Altruism is selfless concern for the welfare of others. (Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, 2008). Everyday nurses put their own lives in danger to care for patients in their time of sickness or death. Nurses are ethically required to take care of patients sometime risking their own safety and health. Whether it be a putting themselves in the way of a physically aggressive patient to protect the other patients or staff, or entering a room to care for a patient with HIV, TB, MRSA or other contagious diseases. Nurses must put the welfare of their patients first.
Social Justice
Social justice refers to the concept of a society in which justice is achieved in every aspect of society, rather than merely the administration of law. (Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia, 2008). Nurses are required to uphold freedom of choice in their patients' care, while upholding their dignity.
Vision for self as a nurse
When a person chooses to become a nurse they see themselves as a Florence Nightingale figure, always doing for the good of others, never doing wrong, never failing in anything they do. Then when they actually get in their role as a nurse they find it is not always easy to do their job as they were taught. As Faye Wattleton who as a nurse saw women suffering from botched illegal abortions, became the first African American president of Planned Parenthood Federation of America in 1978. "In a health care situation, you see humanity at its most basic, and you realize there are no simple yes or no, right or wrong answers" (, 2008). Nurses are required to think on their feet and to know critical thinking, to know what is needed in every situation and what can be done to solve the needs of that person at the time. As a nurse you hope to never make a mistake but if a mistake is made you own up to it and work to correct it. To be a perfect nurse is impossible, nurses are humans, and all humans make mistakes.
Working with self and others to follow nursing philosophy
A nurse must work to maintain personal satisfaction and growth. As a nurse, you're making a real difference in people's lives every day. No two days are the same, and nursing provides you with knowledge and experience you can use for yourself, your family, and your community, in addition to your patients. Some days when a nurse has had to deal with a noncompliant patient, an irate family member, or other healthcare workers who take their frustration out on the nurse they may feel like they chose the wrong profession. Then they walk into a room to a smiling face and kind words and it makes it all worthwhile. When a nurse sees the patient who has been hospitalized for a long time finally get to go home and realizes that they had a part in that happening then it makes all the other negatives not look so bad. Just remember when caring for your patients to always demonstrate patience, kindness, and understanding. That noncompliant patient may just be scared and has no other way of letting out their fears, the family member may be stressed for worrying about there loved ones and looks for others to blame, your healthcare peers may have been having the same kind of bad day that you have had and you just came up on them at the wrong time. Just remember the real reason you became a nurse and remember all of those who are depending on you to help them get well.
In conclusion, a nurse needs to remember the Hippocratic Oath they took when they became a nurse: "I solemnly pledge myself before God and in the presence of this assembly, to pass my life in purity and to practice my profession faithfully. I will abstain from whatever is deleterious and mischievous, and will not take or knowingly administer any harmful drug. I will do all in my power to maintain and elevate the standard of my profession, and will hold in confidence all personal matters committed to my keeping and all family affairs coming to my knowledge in the practice of my calling. With loyalty will I endeavor to aid the physician in his work, and devote myself to the welfare of those committed to my care." (Cybernurse, 2008). Nurses must remember their core values and follow them to the best of their ability. During the good and bad times they need to remember why they decided to become a nurse and their vision to what they want to achieve as a nurse. They must always remember to put the care of others first and to treat everyone equally. A person who chooses nursing as a profession makes a choice that will affect them for a lifetime.

Wednesday, October 12, 2011

An experimental drug being developed by Roche Holding AG removed amyloid plaques from the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients in a small early-stage study, according to data published in the Archives of Neurology, the Swiss drugmaker said on Monday.
Many researchers suspect the build-up of such plaques may be a cause of the memory robbing disease, although that theory has yet to be definitively proved.
The next step will be to investigate whether removal of brain amyloid translates into clinical benefit for patients at doses of the experimental drug, gantenerumab, that are well tolerated and safe, Roche said.
Gantenerumab, a biotech drug designed to bind to amyloid plaques in the brain and remove them, is being targeted at the early stages of Alzheimer's with the hope it can slow progression of the disease while patients are still able to function.
The Phase I study of 16 Alzheimer's patients tested gantenerumab at two doses against a placebo over six months of treatment.
The Roche drug led to a dose-dependent reduction of brain amyloid, while amyloid load increased in patients receiving a placebo, the company said.
Much larger trials and further study will be needed to fully understand just how gantenerumab works and whether it can stave off Alzheimer's disease.
"These results and especially the rapidity of the effects observed on amyloid removal are very encouraging and pave the way for the development of a novel treatment for Alzheimer's disease," Luca Santarelli, head of Roche's global neuroscience disease division, said in a statement.
Most companies working to develop Alzheimer's treatments are focused on the disease in its later, more debilitating stages. Roche is approaching the disease far earlier.
"We know amyloid accumulates for 15 years before dementia, so why should you wait to remove it," Santarelli told Reuters in an interview earlier this year.
Early, or prodromal, Alzheimer's disease is a condition in which a person's memory loss is worse than can be expected by the normal aging process, while their ability to engage in daily activities is not affected to the extent that dementia would be diagnosed.
Alzheimer's disease is estimated to affect 25 million people around the world, with the number of diagnosed cases expected to rise dramatically with the aging of the enormous baby boom generation.
It is expected that the illness, which robs memory and ability to function, will affect about 63 million people by 2030, and 114 million by 2050 worldwide, according to forecasts cited by Roche.

Thursday, October 6, 2011

You’re a great guy. You treat women with the utmost respect, you’re polite, dependable and an all around good guy. You’ve probably asked yourself on more than one occasion, why women love bad guys? How do guys like Tommy Lee get hot women, while you struggle to keep any woman? How does the scruffy bad boy biker living next door find lots of women and have little difficulty keeping them?
It’s simple, really. Women love bad guys, because they’re exciting. Bad guys are unpredictable, out of the norm and different. The very elements that make them bad guys are what draw women to them. Isn’t that ironic? No wonder people say love makes no sense.
The good guys on the other hand, may be dependable, but they also tend to be boring. They wake up every morning at the same time, go to work, come home at the same time, eat dinner, watch TV and go to bed. They give a good life for their family, are ideal for raising a family, but women get bored and start to search for something a little more exciting.

However, there are a few ways you can prevent this from happening. If your woman loves bad boys, you have to learn to be both a good guy and bad. Sounds impossible, right? It’s not. The most successfully married men have learned this lesson a long time ago.
Even if you’re comfortably ensconced in a relationship, you need to continue to excite your partner. It may seem irrelevant to date your partner at this point, but it may be the difference between a long happy marriage and a messy divorce.
Excite her, you can give her the same things she is looking for in a bad boy, but combined with the qualities of a good boy. Be dangerous. Take her out parachuting, mountain climbing, bar hopping and show her your wild side now and again. Make love to her on a public beach or trail. Get crazy on the dance floor or do something goofy to make her laugh in public. Show her that you have a bad boy side!
You may be wrapped in a good boy package, but everyone has a bad boy in them, even if it is buried down deep in some people. Now that you know why women love bad guys, you’re armed ready to fight back.

Marisa Cohen, SELF magazine

Aside from staying svelte, see how your wallet and the planet will benefit.

1. To Stay Slim
Eat less meat, gain less weight—that's the upshot of one American Journal of Clinical Nutrition study. In it, folks who ate the most red and processed meat and poultry gained the most weight (almost 5 pounds) over five years. The cause isn't yet clear, but if cutting back on meat doesn't hurt and it helps keep us svelte, does the reason really matter?

Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Best Quotes of Steve Jobs

“When you’re young, you look at television and think, There’s a conspiracy. The networks have conspired to dumb us down. But when you get a little older, you realize that’s not true. The networks are in business to give people exactly what they want. That’s a far more depressing thought. Conspiracy is optimistic! You can shoot the bastards! We can have a revolution! But the networks are really in business to give people what they want. It’s the truth.” [Wired, February 1996]


“I’m an optimist in the sense that I believe humans are noble and honorable, and some of them are really smart. I have a very optimistic view of individuals. As individuals, people are inherently good. I have a somewhat more pessimistic view of people in groups. And I remain extremely concerned when I see what’s happening in our country, which is in many ways the luckiest place in the world. We don’t seem to be excited about making our country a better place for our kids.” [Wired, February 1996]


“You can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.” [Stanford commencement speech, June 2005]

“When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

“Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure — these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already nothing to wear. There is no reason not to follow your heart.”


“I think if you do something and it turns out pretty good, then you should go do something else wonderful, not dwell on it for too long. Just figure out what’s next.” [NBC Nightly News,

"The design and aesthetics of a device were as important as the hardware and software inside." - Steve Jobs

Steve Jobs: Ex-Apple CEO Dies - ABC News

In 1996, Apple, which had struggled without Jobs, brought him back by buying NeXT. He became CEO in 1997 and put the company on a remarkable upward path.
By 2001 the commercial music industry was on its knees because digital recordings, copied and shared online for free, made it unnecessary for millions of people to buy compact discs.

Jobs took advantage with the iPod -- essentially a pocket-sized computer hard drive with elegantly simple controls and a set of white earbuds so that one could listen to the hours of music one saved on it. He set up the iTunes online music store, and persuaded major recording labels to sell songs for 99 cents each. No longer did people have to go out and buy a CD if they liked one song from it. They bought a digital file and stored it in their iPod.
In 2007, he transformed the cell phone. Apple's iPhone, with its iconic touch screen, was a handheld computer, music player, messaging device, digital wallet and -- almost incidentally -- cell phone. Major competitors, such as BlackBerry, Nokia and Motorola, struggled after it appeared.

click the link above for more of the news

Tuesday, October 4, 2011

Surgery and tools during Civil War
excerpts from, and the article of Alfred Jay Bollet, M.D.
The most common Civil War surgery was the amputation. A few words about why there were so many amputations may be appropriate here. Many people have construed the Civil War surgeon to be a heartless individual or someone who was somehow incompetent and that was the reason for the great number of amputations performed. This is false. The medical director of the Army of the Potomac, Dr. Jonathan Letterman, wrote in his report after the battle of Antietam:
The surgery of these battle-fields has been pronounced butchery. Gross misrepresentations of the conduct of medical officers have been made and scattered broadcast over the country, causing deep and heart-rending anxiety to those who had friends or relatives in the army, who might at any moment require the services of a surgeon. It is not to be supposed that there were no incompetent surgeons in the army. It is certainly true that there were; but these sweeping denunciations against a class of men who will favorably compare with the military surgeons of any country, because of the incompetency and short-comings of a few, are wrong, and do injustice to a body of men who have labored faithfully and well. It is easy to magnify an existing evil until it is beyond the bounds of truth. It is equally easy to pass by the good that has been done on the other side. Some medical officers lost their lives in their devotion to duty in the battle of Antietam, and others sickened from excessive labor which they conscientiously and skillfully performed. If any objection could be urged against the surgery of those fields, it would be the efforts on the part of surgeons to practice "conservative surgery" to too great an extent.
Still the Civil War surgeon suffers from being called a butcher or some other derisive term.
The slow-moving Minie bullet used during the American Civil War caused catastophic injuries. The two minie bullets, for example, that struck John Bell Hood's leg at Chickamauga destroyed 5 inches of his upper thigh bone. This left surgeons no choice but to amputate shattered limbs. Hood's leg was removed only 4 and 1/2 inches away from his body. Hip amputations, like Hood's, had mortality rates of around 83%. The closer to the body the amputation was done, the more the increase in the wound being mortal. An upper arm amputation, as was done on Stonewall Jackson or General Oliver O. Howard (who lost his arm at Fair Oaks in 1862) had a mortality rate of about 24%.
Following is a description of a common battlefield amputation. Missing arms and legs were permanent, very visible reminders of the War. Amputees ranged from the highest ranking officers, like John B. Hood, Stonewall Jackson, and Oliver O. Howard, all the way down to the enlisted men, such as Corproal C.N. Lapham of the 1st Vermont Cavalry who lost both of his legs to a cannon ball. Hood, Jackson, Howard, and Lapham were certainly not alone in their loss, as 3 out of 4 wounds were to the the Federal Army this led to 30,000 amputations.
Surgery Before the Civil War
The introduction of anaesthesia in October 1846 allowed surgeons to operate more deliberately. But because infection almost always followed, very little surgery was done. Then came the Civil War and the need for an astounding number of operations to be performed by doctors without any prior surgical experience.
Statistics for the Massachusetts General Hospital, one of the premier hospitals of the era, illustrate the state of surgery in the first half of the 19th century. Between 1836 and 1846, a total of 39 surgical procedures were performed at that hospital annually. In the first 10 years after the introduction of anaesthesia, 1847 through 1857, the annual average was 189 procedures, about 60 percent of which were amputations. Opening the abdomen or chest was rare. About two decades after the Civil War, the volume of surgery in civilian hospitals increased enormously with the introduction of antiseptic and, later, aseptic techniques. Between 1894 and 1904, for example, an average of 2,427 procedures were done annually at the Massachusetts General Hospital and, by 1914, more than 4,000.
Many Civil War surgeons lived to see these developments and, reminiscing long after the war, lamented their own lack of preparation for the difficulties of treating large numbers of severely wounded men. "Many of our surgeons had never seen the inside of the abdomen in a living subject...," one physician wrote, adding, "Many of the surgeons of the Civil War had never witnessed a major amputation when they joined their regiments; very few of them had treated gunshot wounds."
Despite the lack of preparation, Union surgeons treated more than 400,000 wounded men--about 245,000 of them for gunshot or artillery wounds--and performed at least 40,000 operations. Less complete Confederate records show that fewer surgeons treated a similar number of patients. As would be expected, the numbers of surgeons grew exponentially as the war raged on. When the war began, there were 113 surgeons in the U.S. Army, of which 24 joined the Confederate army and 3 were dismissed for disloyalty. By war's end, more than 12,000 surgeons had served in the Union army and about 3,200 in the Confederate. During the course of the war, formal and informal surgical training programs were begun for newly enlisted surgeons, and special courses on treating gunshot wounds were given. Surgeons on both sides rapidly developed skills and knowledge that improved the treatment of wounds, and they devised many new surgical procedures in desperate attempts to save lives.
Did Army Surgeons Deserve So Much Criticism?
At the start of the war, and especially during both Battles of Manassas and the Peninsula Campaign in 1861 and 1862, care of the wounded was chaotic and criticism of surgeons was valid. Regular Army personnel in all departments expected a short war fought by professionals and tried to follow rules created for the 15,000-man prewar army scattered here and there at small frontier posts. But the Civil War involved large volunteer forces fighting huge battles and sustaining enormous numbers of casualties. The prewar system was overwhelmed. Hospitals were organized at the regimental level, and transportation of the wounded was improvised. Wounded men sometimes went days without any care. Surgeons operated in isolation, without help or supervision.
While newspaper articles and soldiers' letters described the poor state of affairs to anyone who could read, a new medical director of the Army of the Potomac, Dr. Jonathan Letterman, worked to improve medical care. He was remarkably successful, but the improvements went largely unreported. So public criticism continued to inhibit surgeons, keeping them from making the best decisions. And, as Keen observed, this may have cost lives.
One of many observers who agreed with Keen was William M. Caniff, professor of surgery at the University of Victoria College in Toronto. Visiting with the Union army after the Battle of Fredericksburg in the winter of 1862-1863, he wrote that American surgeons were too hesitant about performing amputations. In a long essay published in the British medical journal Lancet on February 28, 1863, Caniff observed, "Although a strong advocate of conservative surgery..., I became convinced that upon the field amputation was less frequently resorted to than it should be; that while in a few cases the operation was unnecessarily performed, in many cases it was omitted when it afforded the only chance of recovery."
While the criticism continued, medical conditions continued to improve. Evacuation and transportation of the wounded got better, as did the establishment and management of hospitals. And the percentage of the wounded that died after treatment dropped dramatically. After Antietam, for example, 22 percent of the 8,112 wounded treated in hospitals died; but after the Battle of Gettysburg one year later, only 9 percent of 10,569 died. Despite that, an editorial writer in the Cincinnati Lancet and Observer noted in September 1863 that "Our readers will not fail to have noticed that everybody connected with the army has been thanked, excepting the surgeons...."
Civil War Amputation Case
The wait for treatment could be a day, maybe two and that was not out of the ordinary. When treatment was finally done on the poor soldier, it was not done antiseptically. It would only be in 1865 that Joseph Lister embarked upon the era of antiseptic surgery. Surgeons did not even perform careful handwashing before operating. The doctors wore blood splattered clothes. When something was dropped, it was simply rinsed in cool, often bloody water. They used sponges that had been used in previous cases and simply dipped in cold water before using them again on the next person. A surgeon recalled: "We operated in old blood-stained and often pus-stained coats, we used undisinfected instruments from undisinfected plush lined cases. If a sponge (if they had sponges) or instrument fell on the floor it was washed and squeezed in a basin of water and used as if it was clean" The injuries to be dealt with were dreadful and the fault of the soft lead Minie Ball. With the capability to kill at over 1,000 yards, this soft lead bullet caused large, gaping holes, splintered bones, and destroyed muscles, arteries and tissues beyond any possible repair. Those shot with them through the body, or the head, would not be expected to live. Almost all wounds were caused by the bullet, with canister, cannonballs, shells, and edged weapons next on the list.
Amputation a choice
he weapons (particularly the rifle) of the 1860s were far ahead of the tactics; i.e. the generals still thought to take a position you needed to go at it with the bayonet. The cynlidrical lead bullet, the Minie ball, was rather large and heavy (.58 caliber usually). When it hit bone, it tended to expand. When it hit "guts" (i.e. the intestines) it tended to tear them in ways the old smoothbore musket ball did not. Since they crushed and smashed bone so badly, the doctors did not have much choice but to amputate a limb. Wounds to the stomach were almost always a death sentence.
Civil War doctors were woefully ill-prepared; of 11,000 Northern physicans, 500 had performed surgery. In the Confederacy, of 3,000, only 27. Many docs got their first introduction to surgery on the battlefield. Doctors usually did not specialize. Medical school, for many, was just 2 years (some less, few more). Surgeons reacted by adapting. They learned surgery on the job. And people died, of course, until they learned and became better... Many doctorss were political appointments; there were no licensing boards in the 1860s... Army exam boards often even let in quacks.
Of the wounds recorded in the Civil War, 70%+ were to the extremities. And so, the amputation was the common operation of the Civil War surgeon.
The field hospital was hell on earth. The surgeon would stand over the operating table for hours without a let up. Men screamed in delirium, calling for loved ones, while others laid pale and quiet with the effect of shock. Only the division's best surgeons did the operating and they were called "operators". Already, they were performing a crude system of triage. The ones wounded through the head, belly, or chest were left to one side because they would most likely die. This may sound somewhat cruel or heartless, but it allowed the doctors to save precious time and to operate on those that could be saved with prompt attention.
The surgeon would wash out the wound with a cloth (in the Southern Army sponges were long exhausted) and probe the wound with his finger or a probe, looking for bits of cloth, bone, or the bullet. If the bone was broken or a major blood vessel torn, he would often decide on amputation. Later in the War, surgeons would sometimes experiment with resection, but amputation was far more common.
Deciding upon an amputation, the surgeon would adminster chloroform to the patient. Holloywood's portrayal of battlefield surgery is dramatized and largely false; anesthesia was in common and widespread use during the war.... it would make more complicated and longer operations possible as the era of antiseptic surgery began in 1865 (too late for the poor Civil War soldier). With the patient insensible, the surgeon would take his scapel and make an incision through the muscle and skin down to the bone. He would make incisions both above and below, leaving a flap of skin on one side.
Taking his bonesaw (hence Civil War slang for a doctor is a "Sawbones") he would saw through the bone until it was severed. He would then toss it into the growing pile of limbs. The operator would then tie off the arteries with either horsehair, silk, or cotton threads. The surgeon would scrape the end and edges of the bone smooth, so that they would not work back through the skin. The flap of skin left by the surgeon would be pulled across and sewed close, leaving a drainage hole. The stump would be covered perhaps with isinglass plaster, and bandaged, and the soldier set aside where he would wake up thirsty and in pain, the "Sawbones" already well onto his next case.
A good surgeon could amputate a limb in under 10 minutes. If the soldier was lucky, he would recover without one of the horrible so-called "Surgical Fevers", i.e. deadly pyemia or gangrene.
15 years after the War, surgeon George Otis cited the five principal advances of Civil War surgery: the surgeons had learned "something" about head injuries, how to deal with awful "ghastly wounds" without dismay, they had learned how to litigate arteries, information on injuries to spine and vertebrate had been "augumented," and "theory and practice" in chest wounds had been forwarded.
A little about the "Surgical Fevers". These were infections arising from the septic state of Civil War surgery. As you should have been able to see, the Civil War surgeon was interested not so much in cleanlieness, but speed. As such, and not knowing anything about antiseptic surgery, fevers arose. Of these, the most deadly was probably pyemia. Pyemia means, literally, pus in the blood. It is a form of blood poisioning. Nothing seemed to halt pyemia, and it had a mortality rate of over 90%. Other surgical diseases included tetanus (with a mortality rate of 87%), erysepilas, which struck John B. Gordon's arm after he was wounded at Antietam, and osteomyelitis which is an inflammation of the bone. Also, there was something called "Hospital Gangrene". A black spot, about the size of a dime or so, would appear on the wound. Before long, it would spread through, leaving the wound an evil smelling awful mess. The Hospital Gangrene of the Civil War is an extinct disease now.
Amputation manual by by Samuel D. Gross
Amputation manual by by Samuel D. Gross
Surgery tools during civil war
Surgery tools during civil war
How Did American Surgeons Compare to Europeans?
The efforts of Civil War surgeons should be compared with those of their contemporaries: doctors who treated the casualties of the Crimean War of 1854-1856 and the Franco-German War of 1870-1871. Fatality rates during the Civil War, especially those following amputations, compare favorably with those of the British and especially the French in the Crimean War and were much better than those of the Russians and Turks (although statistics for those armies were less thorough).
The data for the British in the Crimean War are the most comprehensive available, thanks in large part to the interest taken in statistics by the renowned nurse Florence Nightingale. The British performed a total of 1,027 amputations, with a fatality rate of 28 percent. Overall, Union surgeons had a fatality rate of 26 percent, performing more than 30,000 amputations. Fatality rates varied with the location of the amputation; the closer to the trunk, the higher the percentage. One place the Union surgeons stood out most over their British counterparts was in amputations at the hip. In every recorded attempt by British surgeons, the patient died. Union doctors, on the other hand, succeeded 17 percent of the time.
The medical data for the Union forces in the Civil War are the most complete of any war involving America. Careful consideration of these records and the state of medicine here and in Europe at the time reveals commendable efforts and results. Overall, American surgeons during the Civil War did a respectable and generally successful job of trying to save lives. They deserve a better reputation than the lowly one they have received.
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